Postural Stability Variables for Dynamic Equilibrium

Aviroop Dutt-Mazumder, Sushmit Dhar, Courtney Dutt-Mazumder

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania, Launceston, AUS. College of Applied Health Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA

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Experiments on the maintenance of postural stability on flat stationary support surfaces (quiet standing) that show only limited modes of the potential configurations of balance stability have dominated investigations of balance in quiet upright standing. Recent studies have revealed coordination properties of the whole body in maintaining dynamic postural stability with the application of moving platform paradigms. This paper examines properties of candidate collective variables for postural control within the dynamic systems framework.  Evidence is discussed in this paper for: (i) self-organization properties of dynamic postural balance; (ii) enhanced variability and entropy prior to a phase transition between center of mass and center of pressure coupling; (iii) co-existence of intermittent postural control strategies that oscillate between periodic to chaotic transitions to maintain upright postural balance.  These collective findings indicate postural attractor dynamic states progressively emerge to the changing task constraints of a moving platform revealing insights into the deterministic and stochastic properties of the multiple time scales of human postural behavior.

J Nat Sci, 4(12):e541, 2018

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